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TA Kiwango
LJ Mselle
LM Mtahabwa

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TA Kiwango
LJ Mselle
LM Mtahabwa

International Journal of Educational Policy Research and Review
ISSN 2360-7076
Vol.5 (2), pp. 24-30 February, 2018
Available online at
Article ID:/17/EPRR/032/019 pages
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Original Research Article

Technology integration for out-of-school time learning: The roles of teachers

Thadei A. Kiwango*1, Leonard J. Mselle2 and Lyabwene M. Mtahabwa3

1Department of Informatics, Institute of Accountancy Arusha, P. O. Box 2798 Arusha, Tanzania
2School of Virtual Education, University of Dodoma, P. O. Box 259, Dodoma, Tanzania
3College of Education, University of Dodoma, P. O. Box 259, Dodoma, Tanzania

*Corresponding Author Email: tkiwango(at)

Tel.: + 255 754 037 602

date Received: November 28, 2017     date Accepted: February 5, 2018     date Published: February 22, 2018


This study investigated the roles of teachers towards technology integration for out-of-school time (OST) primary school learners. The study was conducted in three peri-urban districts of three regions in Tanzania, which are; Mwanza, Arusha and Dar es Salaam. Teachers of 11 best schools one from each division of these districts were purposeful selected as respondents. The study used a multi case study design with mixed approach. The study began with a preliminary study at a school that used educational technology in teaching where the experiences of the respective teachers in encouraging pupils to use educational technology in OST were solicited. These experiences were the basis for constructing the questionnaire that was administered to 83 teachers of the 11 schools. The Results of this study revealed that, among other things, the use of digital tools as teaching aid and communication tool by teachers encourages pupils to use the educational technologies at OST. It was concluded that, full participation of teachers as champion of technology integration is vital to hasten technology integration in OST. Government and other stakeholders are recommended to facilitate the capacity building that equip teacher with skills and knowledge necessary for OST educational technology integration.

Key words: Out-of-school time, technology integration, primary school learners, primary school teachers’ roles.

Kiwango et al.