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G Kassa
E Yigezu
D Alemayehu

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G Kassa
E Yigezu
D Alemayehu

International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
ISSN 2350-1561
Vol.5 (11), pp. 169-177, November 2017
Available online at
Article 17/ID/JPR051/09 pages
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Original Research Article

Determinants of smallholder market participation among banana growers in bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

Getahun Kassa*1, Eskinder Yigezu1, and Desalegn Alemayehu1

1College of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, Mizan-Tepi University, P. O. Box 260, Mizan-Aman, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author Email: zgetah(at)

date Received: September 8, 2017     date Accepted: October 17, 2017     date Published: November 15, 2017


Smallholder farmers face many constraints that impede them from taking advantage of market opportunities. This research, therefore, aimed at assessing the factors affecting smallholder commercialization so as to maximize the contribution of the fruit sector to income and livelihood in Bench Maji Zone, Ethiopia. Primary data were collected from 115 banana producers selected by using simple random sampling technique. Heckman two-step selection model was used to analyze the factors affecting smallholder market participation in the study area. The finding of the study revealed that fruits were the second important components of smallholders’ income in the area constituting 18 percent of total annual income.However, the participation of smallholder banana growers in market was determined by different factors such as age, household size, extension service, income, land holding, proximity to road and livestock ownership. Since tackling the constraints of smallholders’ market participation will improve the contribution of the fruit sector to producers, attention has to be due in alleviating the problems associated with fruit commercialization in the area.

Key words: Crop commercialization, smallholder, market participation, Heckman two-step model, banana

Kassa et al