International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.1 (8),pp. 170-174 ,October 2014
Article 14/ID/JPRH089/05 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Iron in groundwater of Chandrapur city, central India
R. K. Kamble
Centre for Higher Learning and Research in Environmental Science, Department of Environmental Science, Sardar Patel College, Chandrapur 442 402, India.
Author E-mail: rahulkk41279(at)yahoo.com
Iron concentration in groundwater was assessed in the Chandrapur city during summer season in 2014. Groundwater sampling was carried out from 22 sampling locations comprising of 11 sampling locations from bore well and 11 from hand pumps. Groundwater iron concentration was measured by Merck Aquaquant Iron Analysis Kit (Germany). The results revealed that groundwater iron concentration was in the range (SD) of 0-3.0 mg/L (± 0.75). Average iron concentration in groundwater in the study area from dug wells and bore wells was 0.34 mg/L. Total 22 groundwater samples analyzed, 15 (68.18%) samples had no iron. The groundwater iron concentration was detected in seven (31.81 %) samples. Out of these seven samples, five (22.72%) samples had iron concentration in groundwater above WHO Standards (1984) for drinking water (> 0.3 mg/L). Awareness amongst the individuals about the presence of iron in groundwater and development of low cost technology for removal of iron such as adsorption, absorption etc., is the need of the hour.
Key words: Central india, Chandrapur, groundwater, heavy metals, Iron