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SAK Jaabi

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SAK Jaabi

Issues in Business Management and Economics
Vol.Vol.5 (6), pp. 99-110 December, 2017
ISSN 2350-157X
Available online at
Article ID/BM/17/028/12 pages
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Original Research Article

Why banks fail? The case of the Gambia commercial and development bank

Jaabi Seeku A K

First Deputy Governor, Central Bank of The Gambia, Banjul, The Gambia.

Author Email: jaabi2011(at)

Tel.: +220 9911775 / 3911775

date Received: October 28, 2017     date Accepted: November 27, 2017     date Published: December 24, 2017


Bank failures are not uncommon, nor limited to developed or developing economies or a particular geographical region. The cost of bank failure can be high, and if this causes instability in the financial system, the effects can be adverse on the country’s growth rate and considerable bailout cost to governments and central banks. Bank failures can be attributable to both internal and external pressures. In this paper, quantitative Multivariate Discriminant Analysis Z-Score and qualitative A-Score were adopted to examine bank failure and in particular, to evaluate why The Gambia Commercial and Development Bank (GCDB) failed. The findings show that GCDB failed due to poor financial performance and weak management systems. The external factors of judicial ineffectiveness, political hijacking and severe macro-economic conditions played a considerable part in GCDB’s failure.

JEL Classification: J016, G2, O016, D53

Key words: Bank, Finance, failure, Gambia