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International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.4 (7),pp. 170-176, August 2017
ISSN 2360-8803
Available online at
Article 17/ID/JPRH041/ 07 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Original Research Article

Determinants of modern contraceptive use among married female undergraduates at the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria in Nigeria

Ishaku Salamatu1, Onwe Simon Nwigboji2, Gaji Luka Dung3, Sambo Danlami3, and Lola Nelson4

1Kaduna State College of Nursing and Midwifery, Kafanchan,Nigeria
2Department of Nursing, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki,Nigeria
3Plateau State College of Nursing and Midwifery, Vom Plateau State, Nigeria
4Department of Nursing Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author  Email: salamaishaku0507(at)

Tel.: +2347037079252

date Received: June 7, 2017     date Accepted: July 26, 2017     date Published: August 3, 2017


This study was carried out at Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria to find out the determinants of modern contraceptive use among married female undergraduates. Four objectives were raised to guide the study. The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample size of 300 out of a population of 2,600. Convenient sampling technique was used, and data were obtained using self-constructed 14 – items questionnaires. Data collected were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16. The findings revealed that all the respondents were knowledgeable about modern contraception. The source of information on modern contraception was mostly from health personnel (51.5%). Oral pill, injectable or implant and natural methods of modern contraception were the methods that majority of respondents know about. The majority of the respondents (84%) approved the use of modern contraception.  The study also showed that 74.6% were currently using modern contraception while 25.4% were not. The method of modern contraception use by most respondents was a natural method (42.2%), an oral pill, injectable or implant (37.8%) and intrauterine contraceptive device (15.5%) in that order. The major factors that determine respondent’s choice of modern contraception were knowledge (42.7%), safety (19.5%) and religion/culture (16%). There is need to sustain the level of awareness of the women on modern contraception. This could be achieved through mass media, talk, shows and posters.

Key words: Modern contraception, health personnel, awareness, undergraduates.

Ishaku et al