International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.2 (3),pp. 37-42, March 2015
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 14/ID/JPRH075/ 06 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Selected health promotion strategies: Potential(S) and challenges
Mfrekemfon. P. Inyang* and Ugwulor Louis Oguchukwu
Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Port-Harcourt, Choba-Rivers State, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: mfrekemfon(at)yahoo.com
Health promotion is receiving more attention in the world today due to the associated benefits. This is a review paper which provides conceptual and practical guidance on how to use nutrition, exercise, stress management and other healthy lifestyles in health promotion. A number of local and international case studies demonstrate how these strategies can be used in health promotion programmes. There are barriers to these gateways. The paper identifies these multiple challenges to include scarcity of data, rapid social changes, insufficient legislation, inadequate resources, limited inter-sectoral cooperation, inadequate involvement of the private sectors in health promotion, lack of capacity for health promotion practices in many countries and low priority placed on health promotion by decision makers in countries like Nigeria. The ways of encouraging health promotion among people were proffered vis a vis effective health promotion initiatives to address the social and environmental determinants of health that seek to empower communities to take control of their health. Materials consulted for this article included print and online Journals, internet materials and relevant books. The paper concluded that the four strategies have been effective in addressing many of the health related issues faced in the 21st century. These strategies include building healthy public policy, creating supportive environments, strengthening community actions, developing personal skills and reorienting health services. They have relevance for the future if they are integrated with one another.
Key words: Health, promotion, strategies, potentials, challenges