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M Ojone
IN Nwode

International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.4 (8),pp. 177-183
ISSN 2360-8803
Available online at
Article 17/ID/JPRH042/ 07 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Original Research Article

Prevalence and effect of malaria in pregnancy among antenatal women in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Ibeneme Georgian1, Ojone Matthew*1 and Nwode Isaiah Nte2

1Department of Nursing, Ebonyi State University Abakaliki Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
2Department of Nursing, National Open University, Enugu campus.

*Corresponding Author Email:ojone.matthew(at)

Tel.: +2348036113783

date Received: June 30, 2017     date Accepted: August 3, 2017     date Published: September 12, 2017


Malaria remains an important contributor to the rising maternal mortality statistics recorded in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examined the prevalence and effect of malaria in pregnancy among women in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. This cross sectional study involved 128 women attending antenatal clinics in the health centers across the six autonomous communities (Igbeagu, Ndiezechi, Ndieze, Mgbalukwu, Ezza Inyimagu and Agbaja) in Izzi local government area Ebonyi state from July to December, 2016. A simple judgmental sampling technique was used to form participants’ eligibility while convenient sampling technique was used to enroll participants into the study. Malaria test (mRDT) was conducted among the partakers while self (authors) constructed questionnaire was used to obtain data on the methods of malaria prevention and the effect of malaria infection among the respondents based on the reviewed literature. Prevalence and effect of malaria in pregnancy were analyzed using the frequency and percentage while Chi-square test was use to determine the relationship between personal demographic variables on the prevalence and effect of malaria in pregnancy at 5% level of significance. Prevalence of malaria in pregnancy was high (41%). The common health issues associated with pregnancy were anaemia (18%), low birth weight (13%), premature delivery (9%), miscarriage (9%) and threatened abortion (6%). Literacy level has significant influence on prevalence and effect of malaria in pregnancy (p=7.82). There was poor compliance (insecticide treated nets (45%), intermittent preventive therapy (IPT)/clearing of the surroundings 50(39%)) with the use of reliable methods of malaria prevention pregnancy. Advocacy on knowledge and behavior change practices should be directed towards the at risk women to effectively prevent malaria for improved quality of life during and after pregnancy.

Key words: Prevalence, effect, malaria, pregnancy, women

Ibeneme et al