International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.4 (8), pp. 128-142, August 2016
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IJAPR/
Article 16/ID/JPR045/15/ pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
An evaluation of the extent of compliance of the Zimbabwean land governance system with the agricultural land rental requirements of temporary migrants: Pilot case study of Esigodini Agricultural College in Matabeleland South Province
Kudakwashe Hove1 and Tawanda Nyamandi2
1Department of Crop Science, University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, 340 Mandume Ndemufayo Avenue Pionierspark, Windhoek, Namibia.
2Ministry of Agriculture Mechanisation and Irrigation Development, Department of Agriculture Education, Esigodini Agriculture College, P. Bag 5808, Esigodini, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
*Corresponding Author Email: khove(at)unam.na
Migration of the productive age group within the country coupled with regionalism in land allocation demands an adjustment to the existing land tenure structure to cater for temporary land requirements of the migrants. A cross-sectional survey to gather perspectives and factors influencing one’s participation in land rental markets was conducted in order to evaluate the compliance of land governance with land rental requirements of temporary migrants. Survey responses were benchmarked against best practices criteria eight (8) international land governance guidelines. Results show that Land rental markets are active as people recognise their role in addressing land hunger of temporary residents. However, absence of binding contracts in land rental arrangement creates open access land use rights, resulting in environment degradation. Communities are thus more interested in legally binding land rental contracts as these are perceived secure in safeguarding their investment. The research showed that five (5) of the best practices were partially met while three (3) others were not met at all. Neither distance from one’s home area did have a significant statistical influence on the respondents’ wish for the government to legalise agricultural land rental (P-value = 0.775 > α) nor was the association between residence status and ability to pay for rented land significant (P-value = 0.571 > α). However, there was a significant statistical association between willingness to rent farm land and ability to pay for the rented land (P-value = 0.015 < α). We thus recommend a participatory approach to reform the restrictions of the colonial system on land rental in communal and resettlement areas to meet the agricultural land demands of temporary migrants in accordance with the provisions of global land governance best practices.
Key words: Land Governance, Agriculture land rental, migration and communal and resettlement area