All Issues
Current Issue

.Reprint (PDF) (764 KB)

Search Pubmed for articles by:

AV Hinson
H Hountikpo
F Dossou
EY Pazou
B Aguèmon
H Lawin
A Koudafoke
G Fabien
P Houngbégnon
B Fayomi

Search Google Scholar for articles by:

AV Hinson
H Hountikpo
F Dossou
EY Pazou
B Aguèmon
H Lawin
A Koudafoke
G Fabien
P Houngbégnon
B Fayomi

International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.4 (4),pp.55-63, May 2017
ISSN 2360-8803
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
DOI:https://doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.17.008
Article 17/ID/JPRH020/09 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.



Original Research Article

Effect of using pesticide, on erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase level and risk factors of poisoning among cotton workers in Benin

Antoine Vikkey Hinson*1, Hilaire Hountikpo1, Fidel Dossou1, Elisabeth Yehouenou Pazou2, Badirou Aguèmon3, Hervé Lawin1,  Alain Koudafoke1, Gounongbé Fabien4, Parfait Houngbégnon3 and Benjamin Fayomi1

1Unity of Teaching and Research in Occupational Health and Environment, Faculty of sciences and health of Cotonou (University of Abomey-Calavi Benin)
2Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée (LARBA), Département de Génie de l’Environnement, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, 01 BP 2009, Bénin .
3Département de Santé Publique, unité de biostatistique Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de Cotonou (Université d’Abomey-Calavi Bénin)
4Département de Médecine et Spécialités Médicales, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Parakou

*Corresponding Author E-mail: hinsvikkey(at)yahoo.fr

Tel.+229-9709-9154



date Received: April 11, 2017     date Accepted: April 30, 2017     date Published: May 17, 2017


 Abstract

To evaluate the acetylcholinesterase level and risk factors of poisoning in pesticide users in cotton production areas in Benin. Using a cross sectional study design, 454 individuals who have been working as pesticide sprayers for at least 5 years were recruited. They completed a questionnaire and underwent AChE test before and after pesticide spraying using the Test Mate® model 400 devices (EQM Research Inc) with a photometric sensor. Empty pesticide containers/packagings were either burnt (32.82%) or re-used for domestic purposes (15.20%). After spraying, 47.93% of the participants consume milk believing that it is a good precaution against poisoning. Only 21.13% systematically use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) while spraying pesticide. There was a significant inhibition between pre-exposure (AChE 2.92 ± 1.56 UI / ml) and post-exposure (AChE 2.73 ± 0.61 IU / ml): p = 0.01) AChE levels in the participants. AChE inhibition was higher in  farmers who do not use PPE than in others (p=0.04).Pesticide poisoning is a reality therefore training and more preventive precaution should be taken and AChE monitoring is urgently needed for farm worker surveillance.


Key words: Acetylcholinesterase, cholinesterase inhibitor, pesticide poisoning, Benin


Hinson et al