International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.4 (4),pp. 64-71, May 2017
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 17/ID/JPRH021/08 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Occupational asthma in a plastic bags manufacturing factory in Togo
Antoine Vikkey Hinson*1, Gbéhomilo Edhorh2, Koffi Atsu Aziagbe3, Badirou Aguemon4, Fabien Gounongbe5 and Menonli Adjobimey1
1Unity of Teaching and Research in Occupational Health and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Health of Cotonou (University of Abomey-Calavi Benin)
2Service des Urgences médicales du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sylvanus Olympio de Lomé-Togo.
3Service de Pneumo-phtisiologie du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sylvanus Olympio de Lomé-Togo.
4Département de Santé Publique, unité de biostatistique Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de Cotonou (Université d’Abomey-Calavi Bénin)
5Département de Médecine et Spécialités Médicales, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Parakou Bénin.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: hinsvikkey(at)yahoo.fr
The objective of the study was to evaluate respiratory function, especially the occupational asthma (OA) of workers in a plastic bag manufacturing factory in Togo. By a cross sectional study, a sample of 182 workers who filled a questionnaire was obtained. Workers with asthma complains was subjected to spirometry test. The mean age of subjects was 37.13±5.71 years with 99.5% male predominance, mean work experience of 7.66±2.88 years and 1.1% smokers. Rhinitis and conjunctivitis were reported in 79.7% of respondents. Subjects that presented with asthma complains were 34.1% with 25.8% of complains associated to the occupation. Abnormal pulmonary function was overlooked by reversible smalls airways pattern (6.6%) and reversible obstructive pattern (4.9%). Spirometry was compatible with asthma in 11.5% of cases. The prevalence of occupational asthma was 7.7%. Occupational asthma was most likely in thermo-welding and extrusion activities as workers involved in these activities did not use respiratory protection. Occupational asthma is a reality in a plastic bag manufacturing factory in Togo hence preventive and corrective measures need to be taken to avoid this disease.
Key words: Occupational asthma, polyethylene, plastic bag, Togo.