International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.2 (12), pp. 444-453, December 2014
Article 14/ID/JPR211/10/ pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Adaptability, growth and firewood volume yield of multipurpose tree species in semiarid regions of Northeastern Mexico
Rahim Foroughbakhch*1, Jorge Luis Hernández-Piñero1 and Artemio Carrillo-Parra2
1Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, 66451 San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L. Mexico.
2Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, 67700 Linares, N.L. Mexico.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: rahimfor(at)hotmail.com
The coast of the Gulf of Mexico is rich in drought-tolerant species potentially useful for reforestation, agroforestry, and production of timber and fuelwood. However, over exploitation has resulted in a gradual degradation of their population. Thus, in order to remedy the disturbed areas, a monoculture research strategy has been undertaken to determine adaptability, establishment and fuelwood production of 12 multipurpose tree species: Acacia berlandieri, A. farnesiana, A. rigidula, A. wrightii, Ebenopsis ebano, Havardia pallens, Helietta parvifolia, Parkinsoni aculeata, Prosopis glandulosa, P. laevigata, Leucaena leucocephala and L. pulverulenta. Seedlings were planted in randomized blocks in deep loamy-clay soil. Growth parameters and volume of trees were evaluated over 20 years. Higher height growth rates (m year-1) were recorded in P. aculeata (0.51), L. leucocephala (0.49) and L. pulverulenta (0.48) compared to (0.21-0.29) in A. rigidula, A. berlandieri and A. wrightii .The mean annual fuelwood volume rate indicates that Leucaena species (1.89-2.01 m3 ha-1), Prosopis species(1.47-1.54 m3 ha-1), E. ebano (1.64 m3ha-1)and Acacia farnesiana (1.5 m3ha-1) showed higher production compared to A. berlandieri, H. pallens and A. rigidula (0.75-0.95 m3ha-1). Most of the species showed good growth in plantation and a high potential for diversified silvicultural management programs in semiarid areas.
Key words: Adaptability, establishment, native species, plant growth, fuelwood, agroforestry, arid zones.