All Issues
Current Issue

.Reprint (PDF) (611 KB)

Search Pubmed for articles by:

AI Ekwempu
D Anderson

Search Google Scholar for articles by:

AI Ekwempu
D Anderson

International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.6 (7),pp. 162-169, November 2019
ISSN 2360-8803
Available online at
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Original Research Article

Knowledge and attitudes of safe agrochemical handling by users in Plateau State, Nigeria

Ekwempu, A.I1. and Anderson, D2

1Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
2College of Health Sciences, Walden University, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States

Corresponding Author Email:adaekwem(at)


date Received: August 12, 2019     date Accepted: October 31, 2019     date Published: November 8, 2019


Agrochemical use has been increasing in both developing and the developed nations. The unsafe handling and use of agrochemicals can lead to accumulation of hazardous chemicals in the body, with resultant adverse effects on health. This quantitative cross sectional study sought to understand the knowledge and attitudes of agrochemical users towards safe chemical handling. Study was conducted among 260 farmers in Plateau State, Nigeria. Data on background knowledge and attitude of agrochemical users were collected using a structured paper based, interviewer-administered questionnaire. A Chi square test was used to assess the relationship between demographic characteristics and engagement in safe agrochemical handling showed a statistically significant relationship between marital status and engagement in safe agrochemical handling X2 (2, N = 260) = 7.34, p <. 05 and level of education X2 (4, N = 260) = 35.12, p <. 05. Results of Binary logistic regression indicated that the variable training on safe agrochemical handling with an odds ratio 8.31 was a good predictor for safe agrochemical handling. Descriptive statistical analysis revealed that the most practiced precautions by participants were washing work clothes separately (56.9%) and taking a shower soon after application of agrochemicals (53.6%). However, an important finding in this study however is the low level of adoption for the use of Personal Protective Equipment. Priority should be given to developing safety educational and certification programs for farmers with emphasis on the safe handling practices.

Key words: Safe handling, agrochemicals, health

Ekwempu and Anderson