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P Pan-in

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P Pan-in

International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.6 (2),pp. 15-23, March 2019
ISSN 2360-8803
Available online at
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Original Research Article

Evaluation of environmental health and safety status in public primary schools in southern Thailand

Somsiri Decharat1*and Prasert Pan-in2

1Department of Occupational health and Safety, Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Thaksin University, 222 Papayom District , Phattalung Province 93210, Thailand.
2Office of the Education Commission area 2, Nakhon Si Thammarat, 80250, Thailand.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: somsiri_9(at)

Tel: +66 (0) 74-693997
ext. 4304; Fax: +66 (0)74-693997

date Received: February 16, 2019     date Accepted: March 25, 2019     date Published: April 27, 2019


Water, sanitation, and hygiene in primary schools are important for child health. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 22 public primary schools in Nakhon Si Thammarat province, southern Thailand. The objective was to assess the environmental health and safety status as well as the teachers’ perception of this status in primary schools. Data were collected using a standard school environmental health questionnaire. Parameters assessed included water source, hand washing, toilet and classroom facilities, waste management, food service areas, fire control (extinguishers and alarms), dangers from animals, floods and vectors/pests and buildings/infrastructure around the schools. Data were analysed by descriptive statistics and Student’s t-test. The results revealed that participant’s perceived environmental health and safety status in primary schools was 78.1% high and 21.90% moderate. The factors that correlated with perceived environmental health and safety were worker training experience on environmental health and safety (p = 0.002) and length of time worked (p = 0.025). Therefore, school headmasters should initiate preventive measures and promote awareness in order to cope with environmental health and safety, stimulus perception and provide sufficient safeguard to the environment health and safety in primary schools.

Key words: Evaluation, environmental health and safety, public primary schools

Decharat and Pan-in