International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.1 (2), pp. 19-32,April 2014
Issues ISSN 2360-8803
Article ID JPEH/14/012/, 14 pages
Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 International License
Original Research Paper
The role of algae in bioremediation of organic pollutants
Accepted 10 March, 2014
Kaoutar Ben Chekroun*1, Esteban Sánchez2 and Mourad Baghour1
1Department of Biology, Observatoire de la Lagune de Marchica de Nador et Région Limitrophes (OLMAN-RL), Faculté Pluridisciplinaire de Nador, B.P. 300, 62700 Séloune, Nador, Morocco.
2Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C.Unidad Delicias -“Tecnología de Productos Hortofrutícolas y Lácteos”Av. Cuarta Sur 3820, Fraccionamiento Vencedores del Desierto Cd. Delicias, Chihuahua. México.C.P. 33089
*Corresponding Author’s Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
The accumulation of organic pollutants in the environment can cause serious problems, affecting negatively the stability of many aquatic ecosystems and can also cause adverse effects to human health and the environment. Organic pollutants are introduced into the aquatic ecosystems as a result of human activities involving agricultural uses, fuel use and industrial discharges, domestic effluents and agricultural runoff. The persistent organic pollutants are toxic substances for environment and human health. Relatively Recently, there has been increasing interest on using bacteria, fungi, plants and algae to remove, degrade, or render harmless organic pollutants in aquatic systems. The algae play an important role in controlling and biomonitoring of organic pollutants in aquatic ecosystems. The use of higher plants and bacteria for bioextraction and bioremediation of heavy metals and organic pollutants have been extensively studied. However, the application of microalgae in restoration of organic-polluted aquatic environment has just started. In this review we present an overview of the potential of microalgae species for phytoremediation of organic pollutants in aquatic ecosystems.
Key words: Algae, bioremediation, organic pollutants, biodegradation