International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.4 (6),pp. 120-131, July 2017
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 17/ID/JPRH107/ 06 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Comparative analysis of Human and Avian Influenza Virus in Greece (2002-2011)
Ioanna Chatziprodromidou1*, Malamatenia Arvanitidou2, Javier Guitian3, Thomas Apostolou4 and Apostolos Vantarakis5
1Department of Public Health, Medical School, University of Patras, Greece,
2Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Thessaloniki, Greece,
3Royal veterinary college, London, UK
4School of Health Professionals, Alexander Technological Institution of Thessaloniki, Greece
5Department of Public Health, Medical School, University of Patras, Greece.
*Corresponding Author Email: ioannachatzi(at)msn.com
Tel/Fax: (+30) 2610969875
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the epidemiological data recorded by the surveillance programmes applied in Greece, during the decade 2002-2011, by both medical and veterinary authorities. Sentinel surveillance system was used to analyze influenza virus cases in humans, while passive surveillance system was initiated by proper directive in 2005 onwards. Data retrieved by competent authories showed that the majority of human cases were both of type A and B, whereas type A samples were identified of subtype H1N1 and H3N2. Among the animal specimens tested for this specific study period, only 35 proved to be positive in 2006. All except for one positive animal case were identified as of subtype Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus H5N1, except for one which was of subtype Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus H6N2. Almost 45% of humans were of paediatric population and 100% of animals were wild bird species. No corellation of influenza types between humans and animals was observed, in case of Greece.
Key words: Avian influenza, Greece, epidemiology