International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.4 (11),pp. 289-293, December 2017
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 17/ID/JPRH058/ 05 pages
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Brain drain: The Greek phenomenon
Ioanna P. Chatziprodromidou*1, Christos Emmanouilides2, Fani Yfanti3, Antonios Ganas4, Theodoros Roupas5 Konstantinos Varsamidis6, and Thomas M. Apostolou6
1Department of Public Health, Medical School, University of Patras, Greece.
2Intebalkan Medical Center, Thessaloniki, Greece.
3Community Mental Health Center of Children and Adolescents.
4Greek Organisation Against Drugs (OKANA), Athens, Greece.
5General Hospital Asklepieio Voulas, Attiki, Greece.
6Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece.
*Corresponding Author Email:ioannachatzi(at)msn.com
The object of this paper is to outline the extent and to interpret the significance of the phenomenon, where medical personnel escape abroad in order to seek work or better working conditions, known as brain drain. The induced understaffing of National Health System (NHS) and the imminent deterioration of health services, undermine the functioning of NHS and, consequently, affects negatively the citizens’ health level. After reviewing the relevant literature, theories of motivation, which can be implemented in order to prevent further escape of valuable medical personnel are presented. More specifically, theories of human needs (Maslow, Herzberg and McClelland) and other inciting theories are supposed and proposed as means to face the brain drain phenomenon. Based on all these theories and valid empirical research, implementation of an overall realistic framework of economic, social, administrative and other incentives is proposed, in order to persuade medical personnel stay in the country, striving for the good functioning of NHS but also for the progress and prosperity of Greek society.
Key words: Brain drain, Greece, financial crisis, National Health System.