International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
6 (10), pp. 169-175, November 2018
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IJAPR/
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Overview of the Burkina Faso seed system: Case of the formal seed system
Lardia Ali Bougma1, Nerbéwendé Sawadogo*1, Mahamadi Hamed Ouedraogo1, Mahamadi Ouedraogo2, Didier Balma2 and Mahamadou Sawadogo1
1Equipe Génétique et Amélioration des plantes/ Laboratoire Biosciences, Ecole Doctorale Sciences et Technologies, Université Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
2Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles, 01 BP 4 76 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso
*Corresponding Author Email: alilardia(at)gmail.com/nerbewende(at)yahoo.fr
The seed law adopted since 2006 in Burkina Faso remains little known as its tools are unsuited to the conditions of the farmers. So, it must be revised to take into account the knowledge levels of different seed producers. To increase crops yields, the country has initiated an extension program of improved varieties. Despite the efforts to replace local seed system, the impact remains in general below expectation. In order to develop documentation on the seed sector and to have more information about the formal seed system, an investigation was carried out in six districts of Burkina Faso. The study revealed that the majority of farmers grow on a small area and only a small number of crops are improved seeds. Moreover, for the six districts, the study showed a weakness of this sector in Burkina Faso and a localization of the majority of seed suppliers in the sudano-sahelian area of the country. The main cultivated crops are traditional cereals and leguminous species. Nevertheless, a continuous increase of seed suppliers was observed during the last ten years. Maize and cowpea are respectively the cereal and leguminous crops which had high certified seed production during 2001-2010 period. So, a strong complementarity between formal and local sector is necessary. The seed policies of both sectors must be carefully developed in the country with contribution of all actors of the seed system.
Key words: Seed system, improved varieties, crops, survey, Burkina Faso.