International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.1 (9), pp. 192-196, November 2014
Article 14/ID/JPRH084/05 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License
The facts, the fears, and the prevention of Ebola haemorrhagic fever: A focus on Nigeria
Human Kinetics and Health Education Unit, Science and Technical Education Department, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria.
Author Email: ayenigbarageorge7(at)yahoo.com
This paper reviewed the facts, the fears and the preventive measures against Ebola in Nigeria. Ebola haemorrhagic fever emanated from Congo, around Ebola river in 1976, and there had been sporadic infections since then in Uganda, Sudan and Ivory Coast where the outbreaks were successfully contained until the present outbreak in Guinea. From Guinea, Ebola fever spread to Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria with high fatalities. Ebola fever is highly contagious, and it infects when individuals have contact with the blood, urine, sweat, faeces and physical contact with Ebola patient. Signs and symptoms of Ebola include fever, bleeding, diarrhea and vomiting. The recovery rate from Ebola fever is low but the mortality rate is very high. There is no known drug of cure yet, the only solution now is prevention. However, the cause of concern is the mode of infection, lack of effective drug, dearth of competent health personnel, and lack of protective equipments. Another cause of concern is the hindrance of culture, attitude and tradition of Nigerians in effective control of Ebola fever. To this end, the paper recommends, among others, strict hygienic practices, and abrogation or suspension of traditional practices that are inimical to effective prevention of Ebola fever in Nigeria.
Key words: Ebola fever, blood, urine, sweat, faeces, isolation, infections, health workers.