International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research Vol.1 (6), pp. 172-179, August 2013
© 2013 Journal Issues
Article 13/ID/ JPR60, 06 pages
E-Agriculture framework: Modeling stakeholders’ competing and conflicting interests
Accepted 23 July,2013
*Fredrick Mzee AWUOR1,2, Kefah RABAH2 and Kimutai KIMELI3
1Kisii University, P.O. Box 408 Kisii, 40200,Kenya.
2Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Univ. P.O. Box 210 Bondo, 40601, Kenya.
3University of Eldoret, P.O. Box 1125 Eldoret, 30100,Kenya.
*Corresponding Author Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel: +254 723 629460
Agriculture contributes to about 45% of the GDP of developing countries, with more than 75% of their population relying on agriculture for employment. At a time when agricultural productivity is faced with challenges including declining natural resources (that is, soil fertility, declining arable land due to urbanization, unreliable rainfall due to climate change), information and communication technologies (ICTs) promises to sustain agriculture for development. ICT avails to the farmer all the information (for example, market prices, sources of seeds, new planting methods among others) to be able to increase agricultural productivity. In adoption of ICT to revolutionize agriculture, it is essential that all the agricultural stakeholders (including farmers, concerned government ministries, university/research institutions, funding organizations and commercial agencies) be cognisant of their roles and contributions in enhancing sustainable agriculture. In developing a framework (e-agriculture framework) for ICT adoption in agriculture, it is noted that the aforementioned stakeholders tend to have conflicting interests that may impede the realization of the full benefits of e-agriculture. In this paper, we seek to illustrate the roles of each stakeholder in the adoption of e-agriculture framework. It is observed that these stakeholders could have contradicting interests in the management of the proposed e-agriculture framework. It is argued that these conflicting interests can be removed using a game theory concept where the Nash bargaining equilibrium would be the ideal conditions for each stakeholder to contribute. In such a game, all stakeholders (players) are encouraged to apply a strategy that maximizes their utility function to maximize the potential benefits of e-agriculture to the economy. The decision making (voting strategy) model for players (stakeholders) that maximizes their utility is formulated.
Key words: E-agriculture, frameworks, game, theory, ICT