All Issues
Current Issue

.Reprint (PDF) (913 KB)

Search Pubmed for articles by:

DZ Atibuni
J Ssenyonga
DK Olema
I Kemeza

Search Google Scholar for articles by:

DZ Atibuni
J Ssenyonga
DK Olema
I Kemeza

International Journal of Educational Policy Research and Review
ISSN 2360-7076
Vol.4 (6), pp. 125-137 June, 2017
Available online at
Article ID:/17/EPRR/029/013 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.

Original Research Article

Locus of control as a predictor of academic attitudes among university students

Dennis Zami Atibuni1*, Joseph Ssenyonga2, David Kani Olema1, and Imelda Kemeza2

1Busitema University – Nagongera Campus, Faculty of Science and Education, Department of Education, P.O. Box 236, Tororo, Uganda.
2Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Science, Department of Educational Foundations and Psychology, P.O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda.

* Corresponding Author: E-mail zamidennis79(at),

Tel.: +256793644265

(Authors are arranged in order of contribution to the paper.)

date Received: April 18, 2017     date Accepted: May 16, 2017     date Published: June 7, 2017


A host of factors often determines academic attitudes among learners. This quantitative study using cross-sectional survey design was conducted to establish the prediction effect of locus of control on academic attitudes among secondary school science teacher trainees at a public university in Uganda. Data were collected from a census of 203 students using structured questionnaires comprising a biodata section, Locus of Control Scale and Academic Attitudes Scale. Analysis was done using SPSS, and information was presented in tables and later described. Results showed that the trainees used mainly external locus of control and had generally moderately negative academic attitudes. Locus of control significantly predicted academic attitudes (t = -2.595, p = .010). Further analysis revealed that there was a statistically significant difference in academic attitudes between students originating from rural areas and those from urban areas. It was concluded that the use of external locus of control shifted responsibility of academic issues from the students to other external causes which likely resulted in counterproductive view the science and hence negative academic attitudes among the students.It is recommended that trainees need to be educated before and during pre-service training to appreciate teaching as a noble profession, and that trainees with the right disposition should be selected at entry to preservice training so as to foster the needed changes in science and technology education for national socioeconomic transformation.

Key words: locus of control, attitude, science teacher, secondary school, and trainee

Atibuni et al