International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.6 (6), pp. 105-114, September 2019
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Bullying and its risk factors among elementary school children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Alhnouf H. Alrokban*1, Ruba M. Alzaidi1, Shahad A. Alqahtani1, Fatmah Almoayad2, and Lamiaa E. Fiala2,3
1Graduates, Health Education program, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Department of Public Health, Community, Environment and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
*Corresponding Author Email: alhnouf.alrokban(at)gmail.com
School bullying is a form of violence which is one of the common and serious school problems. Students in the school could be a bully, victim, bully-victim or not involved at all. Schools bullying presents in a physical, verbal, or social type. Bullying had an effect on the students, such as low academic performance, acquired risky actions or becoming more aggressive in the future. This study aims to calculate the prevalence of bullying and determine the pattern of bullying and risk factors among school children. This is an analytic cross-sectional study, conducted on students of a private elementary school in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 268 students 145 were girls and 123 were boys from first three grades were interviewed using the Peer Interaction in Primary School Questionnaire designed by Tarshis and Huffman and Adolescent Peer Relations Instrument by Parada, R. are used to build the study questionnaire. predesigned questionnaire. Most of the participants were bully-victims. Bullying was higher among higher graders with high proportion among males. There was a statistically significant relationship between exposure to school bullying and being bully (p < 0.05). Being bullied increases the occurrence of bullying among the studied school children. Victimization, seeking attention and being angry were the significant risk factors that control the occurrence of school bullying (p<0.05). Raise the awareness among school children about bullying and its consequence, encourage school administration to improve students’ supervision in all school premises and deal with students’ complaints seriously, and more studies are needed in Saudi Arabia targeting bullying in this age group.
Key words: Elementary school, bullying, victimization, risk factors