International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.7 (1),pp. 1-6, Febrary, 2020
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS among college of health students at Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University in Riyadh
Ruba Aldossary1, Amjad Almohammed1, Samar Almogbel1, Haya Alajlan1, Howeida Abusalih1*
1Program of Epidemiology , College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdelrahman University, Saudi Arabia.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: hhabusalih(at)pnu.edu.sa, habusalih1(at)gmail.com
It is important to assess the knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS, as it helps in the prevention of the disease. The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge and attitude among health students at Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University. This study utilized a descriptive cross sectional multi stage cluster with sample size of 500 students. Data was collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire after approval from the institutional review board, and analyzed using the Statistical Package of Social Sciences version 25. Written informed consent was obtained from each participant. The results showed that 92.4, 92.4, and 94.6% of the study population knew the definition, the transmission by blood transfusion and sexual intercourse, respectively. The lowest reported knowledge was the transmission through saliva and tears and the latent period respectively (37.8%, 15.2%). Having a positive attitude of dealing with HIV/AIDS patients was only 11%. The highest agreement was about the willingness to take care of the infected family member (64.6%). There is a significant relationship between attitude and knowledge about vertical transmission (p<0.05).In conclusion, although there was a knowledge gap such as the latency period ,the overall knowledge was good. In general, there was neutral attitude towards dealing with HIV patients.
Key words: Knowledge, attitude, health, college, students HIV/AIDS