Issues in Biological Sciences and Pharmaceutical Research
Vol.2 (1), pp. 001-007, January 2014
Article ID BSPR021, 05 pages
Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 International License
Antimicrobial activity of essential oils extracted from medicinal plants against the pathogenic microorganisms: A review
Accepted 30 December, 2013
Mohd Sayeed Akthar1*, Birhanu Degaga1 and Tanweer Azam2
1Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma 378, Ethiopia.
2Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo 19, Ethiopia.
*Corresponding Author:E-mail: sayeedbot(at)yahoo.co.in
Essential oils are complex volatile compounds, naturally synthesized by various parts of the plant during the secondary metabolism of plants. A wide range plants having the medicinal properties have been explored and used for the extraction of essential oils worldwide due to their antimicrobial properties against the bacterial, fungal and viral pathogens. The presence of a large number of alkaloids, phenols, terpenes derivatives compounds and other antimicrobial compounds makes the essential oils more précised in their mode action against the ample variety of pathogenic microorganisms. Thus, the essential oils could be used as better supplements or alternatives against the pathogenic microorganisms. The aim of this review article is to focus on the antimicrobial activities of essential oils secreted by medicinal plants and the mechanisms involved in the inhibition of these pathogenic microorganisms.
Key words: Antimicrobial property, bacterial cell wall, pathogenic microorganisms, volatile oils