International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Vol.3 (4),pp. 70-74, April 2016
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/
Article 16/ID/JPRH021/ 05 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Assessment of knowledge of transmission of Schistosomiasis and associated factors among the people of Mwaluphamba Location, Kwale County-Kenya
1Ahmad Juma,1Ng’etich Saitabau Arthur*,2Naanyu Violet and 2Mwangi Ann
1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics,School of Public Health-Moi University,P.O. Box 4606-30100 Eldoret-Kenya.
2Department of Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine-Moi University, P.O. Box 4606-30100,Eldoret-Kenya.
*Corresponding Author Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel: +254710 890 400
The study aimed to assess the knowledge level of schistosomiasis transmission and other associated factors amongst the people of Mwaluphamba Location of Kwale County. A cross-sectional study design was used. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire from a sample size of 338 respondents. Results showed that majority of the respondents (98%) knew about schistosomiasis but most (71%) had no knowledge about infection transmission. 359 (94%) respondents knew of signs of blood in urine as the main symptom of schistosomiasis. A few (10%) of the respondents had access to safe water for domestic use. Sixty three percent of schistosomiasis infections occurred during the wet season and a 69% of the people in the area had contact with domestic water activities more than four times a week. In conclusion, the level of knowledge of transmission of schistosomiasis was quite low and there was a direct link between water-contact activities and transmission of urinary schistosomiasis. The community needs to be made aware of the modes of transmission of schistosomiasis infection through health education and strategies be developed to ensure the community can access safe water.
Key words: Schistosomiasis, knowledge, transmission, Kwale County