International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.2 (11), pp. 406-413, November 2014
Article ID/14/JPR154,08 Pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License
Original Research Article
Seasonal variation in nutritional compositions of spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) in south Côte d’Ivoire
1*AGBO Adouko Edith,2KOUAME Christophe, 1ANIN Atchibri Ocho Louise, 1SORO Leniferé Chantal, 3N’ZI Jean-Claude, 4FONDIO Lassina and 5GNAKRI Dago
1Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Security, University Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire.
2ICRAF (International Centre for Research in Agroforestry), 08 BP 2824 Abidjan 08, Côte d’Ivoire.
3Laboratory of Genetics, University Felix Houphouet Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire
4National Agronomic Research Center, 01 BP 1740 Abidjan 01 Côte d’Ivoire
5University Jean Lorougnon Guédé, BP 150 Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire.
*Corresponding Author Email: ceapadouko(at)yahoo.fr
Tel.: +(225) 07790364
A survey on leafy vegetables consumption was carried out in the district of Abidjan. Samples of spider plant, were collected from the fields during the dry and the rainy seasons. Nutrient analysis of spider plant leaf were performed on dry matter, pH, proteins, sugars, fibers, vitamin C, ß-carotene, minerals and oxalic acid content. The survey revealed that spider plant was less known and consumed. Oxalic acid level is high in rainy season (10.17 mg/100g DW). Soluble fibers content is around 13.33 % in dry season and 16% in rainy season while, insoluble fibers rate is 25.1% in dry season and 23.07% in rainy season. The most β-carotene level was determined in rainy season (110.26 µg/100g FW). Iron content was about 23.93 mg/100g DW in dry season and 10.17 mg/100g DW in rainy season. Calcium content was high in rainy season (45.25 g/100g DW) whereas potassium content is more elevated in dry season (109.38 g/100g DW). Except vitamin C, the other nutrients differ statistically within the seasons. Spider plant could be harvested and consumed in the both seasons and there is a need to raise awareness on its nutritional benefit to promote its production and consumption.
Key words: Spider plant, dry season, rainy season, survey, nutritional composition.