International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.6 (8), pp. 122-126, August 2018
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IJAPR/
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
Original Research Article
Comparative effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer sources on the growth and fruits yield of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum mill.)
1*Adeyeye A.S, 2Olalekan, K.K, 2Lamidi, W.A, 1Aji, P.O, 1Othman, H.J, and 1Ishaku, M.A
1Department of Crop Production and Protection, Federal University Wukari, Taraba, Nigeria.
2Department of Agronomy, Osun State University, Osogbo, Osun State Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author Email: solorach2002(at)yahoo.com
One of the limiting factors to crop production in Sub-Saharan Africa is due to poor soil fertility and in order to increase the crop yield to meet ever increasing population of this region, fertilizer is required as in the form of organic or inorganic. There seems to be some level of specificity in crop adaptation to the type of fertilizer in order to increase its growth and yield potentials. So the current field experiments were conducted to study the effect of different organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth and yield of tomatoes during 2015 and 2016 in the raining seasons at the Teaching and Research Farm of Federal University Wukari. The treatments consisted of five different types of fertilizer as inorganic: NPK, and urea, organic: poultry manure, cow dung and organic manure with a control which were applied to tomato variety (NWe- 158) in randomize complete block design replicated three times. Data were collected on the growth and yield parameters and analyzed using (ANOVA) at 5% level of probability. The results showed a significant effect (P<0.05) by the treatments on growth and yield parameters of tomato. The application of poultry manure significantly produced higher number of leaves, nodes, flowers, and fruits. While organic manure treatment gave significant higher plant height. Hence poultry manure produced best result for the production of tomatoes.
Key words: Tomato, poultry manure, urea, organic manure, cow dung, NPK, growth, fruit yield.