International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.3 (3), pp. 133-145,March 2015
Available online at https://www.journalissues.org/IJAPR/
Article 15/ID/JPR017/013 pages
Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.
The current status of cereal (maize, rice and sorghum) crops cultivation in Africa: Need for integration of advances in transgenic for sustainable crop production
Adebayo Oluwakemi O. and Ibraheem Omodele*
Department of Biological Sciences, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, PMB 1001, Kwara State, Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author Email: deleibraheem2007(at)yahoo.com
Cereals still remain the most consumed staple food in homes of most African countries. African production of majorly consumed cereals such as maize, rice and sorghum, is not proportional to the demands, hence they have to be imported from other continents like Asia, America, Europe or Australia. Africa natural resources and climate that favor more biomass production than most other continents; vast arable land and relatively cheap and abundant human work force are current been under utilized. Although the amount of land devoted to cultivating cereals is increasing, it has not translated into increase crop yield due to environmental factors such as drought, high soil salinity, diseases and pests activities, and poor field and crop management. The traditional farming practices have done little in overcoming these challenges, thus the need to exploit the enormous advances in molecular and biotechnological transgenic approaches in order to produce crop varieties that will be able to cope under these adverse circumstances and produce better yields. This article thus showcases how this could be achieved in Africa.
Key words: Abiotic stress, biotic stress, genetically modified crop, malnutrition, poverty, cereal production, cereal consumption, cereal export, cereal import