International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research
Vol.2 (4), pp. 154-165, April 2014
Article ID JPR035/14/12 pages
Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article. Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 International License
Original Research Paper
Pattern of fruit and non-alcoholic beverage consumption in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria
Accepted 22 March, 2014
Mohammed K. Abdullahi* and Yakubu A.Abdullahi
Department of Agricultural Economics, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto,Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: mka0607(at)yahoo.com
Considering that Sokoto metropolis is located in the dry savannah region where for the most part of the year the temperature is always high, non-alcoholic beverages (NABs) and fruit consumption will be expected to be high, at least to cool down the body temperature and compensate the body loss of minerals. Surprisingly, there is a scarcity of documented information on the consumption pattern of these products in the metropolis. This study, therefore, examined patterns of household-level consumption of fruit and NABs in Sokoto metropolis. It also compared the consumption pattern of these products across some household socioeconomic variables. The Metropolis was grouped into four clusters with one hundred households randomly selected from each cluster. Data were collected with the aid of a structured food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Descriptive and chi-square analytical tools were used to analyse the data. The results showed that 75% of the respondents consumed fruit regularly (at least once a week). Of the NABs, the bottled soda is the most regularly consumed with 63% of the respondents. The chi-square results showed that the consumption of fresh fruit and bottled soda were significantly related to sex, ethnicity, location, education and economic status of the household heads. The age of the household heads showed a significant relationship with the consumption of fresh fruit only, while tetra pak juice was significant only with ethnic variables. Consumption frequency of NABs showed no significant relationship with household sizes. It could be concluded that fruits and NABs were widely accepted in the study area as a means of hydration and source of nutrient .The study recommends that there is the need to put measures that will increase the income of the people and reduce the cost of juice beverages; as it has been shown that the consumption of this very important beverage is low. Also, bottled soda should be fortified with healthy nutrients as this will helps reduce malnutrition among the populace and to stimulate demand.
Key words: Sokoto metropolis, fruits, non alcoholic beverages, consumption pattern, chi-square